Entries in database: 97
Oldest case: Heydon’s Case (1584)
Most recent case: Jemena Gas Networks (NSW) Ltd v Mine Susidence Board (2011)

A indicates that the medium neutral citation (‘MNC’) has not been applied to the judgment by a court, and so should not be used in a citation. It is included merely to assist in locating the judgment in databases.

Name Year Court Citation and source Area of law Keywords
A v Boulton 2004

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia

Intermediate federal court of appeal in Australia.

FCAFC
(2004) 136 FCR 420
[2004] FCAFC 101 (30 June 2004)
  • statutory interpretation
  • saving of common law rights
A v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs 1997

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1997) 190 CLR 225
[1997] HCA 4 (24 February 1997)
  • immigration law
  • statutory interpretation
  • refugee status
  • definition of a social group by reference to fear of persecution
  • incorporation of treaties by statute
  • construction
AMEV-UDC Finance Ltd 1986

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1986) 162 CLR 170
[1986] HCA 63 (4 November 1986)
  • contracts
  • agreement for hire
  • failure to pay instalments
  • termination
  • damages for loss of contract
Accounting Systems 2000 (Developments) Pty Ltd v CCH Australia Ltd 1993

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia

Intermediate federal court of appeal in Australia.

FCAFC
(1993) 42 FCR 470
[1993] FCA 265 (3 June 1993)
  • consumer law
  • copyright
  • meaning of 'conduct'
  • inaccurate warranties
  • misleading and deceptive conduct
  • infringement of copyright
  • substantial reproduction
Adeels Palace Pty Ltd v Moubarak 2009

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2009) 239 CLR 420
[2009] HCA 48 (10 November 2009)
  • negligence
  • duty of care
  • breach of duty
  • criminal conduct of third parties
Agar v Hyden 2000

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2000) 201 CLR 552
[2000] HCA 41 (3 August 2000)
  • negligence
  • private international law
  • duty of care
  • particular relationships
  • service out of jurisdiction
Al-Kateb v Godwin 2004

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2004) 219 CLR 562
[2004] HCA 37 (6 August 2004)
  • constitutional law
  • human rights
  • immigration law
  • public international law
  • statutory interpretation
  • indefinite detention pending deportation
  • ambiguity or uncertain legislative provisions
  • saving of common law rights
  • usurpation of judicial power
  • reference to human rights and fundamental freedoms
Alati v Kruger 1955

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1955) 94 CLR 216
[1955] HCA 64 (29 November 1955)
  • contracts
  • fraud
  • rescission
Alcan (NT) Alumina Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Territory Revenue 2009

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2009) 239 CLR 27
[2009] HCA 41 (30 September 2009)
  • property law
  • revenue law
  • statutory interpretation
  • stamp duty
  • option to renew a lease
  • general definitions
  • contrary intention
Alcoa Portland Aluminium Pty Ltd v Victorian WorkCover Authority 2007

Victorian Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Victoria.

VCA
(2007) 18 VR 146
[2007] VSCA 210 (11 October 2007)
  • statutory interpretation
  • whether provision should be read disjunctively
Amaca Pty Ltd v Booth 2011

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
[2011] HCA 53 (14 December 2011)
  • evidence
  • negligence
  • practice and procedure
  • expert evidence
  • causation
  • lack of evidence
Amaca Pty Ltd v Ellis 2010

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2010) 240 CLR 111
[2010] HCA 5 (3 March 2010)
  • negligence
  • causation
  • balance of probabilities
Amaca Pty Ltd v New South Wales 2003

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
[2003] HCA 44 (7 August 2003)
  • practice and procedure
  • torts
  • contribution of joint tortfeasors
  • appeal if error in point of law
Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co 1920

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1920) 28 CLR 129
[1920] HCA 54 (31 August 1920)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • rules of interpretation
  • Commonwealth law binds states
  • intergovernmental immunity
  • reserved state powers
  • conciliation and arbitration power
Amatek Ltd v Googoorewon Pty Ltd 1993

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1993) 176 CLR 471
[1993] HCA 16 (18 March 1993)
  • property law
  • statutory interpretation
  • boundaries
  • encroachment
  • structure wholly on adjoining land
  • application of statutory remedies
Amoco Australia Pty Ltd v Rocca Bros Motor Engineering Co Pty Ltd 1973

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1973) 133 CLR 288
[1973] HCA 40 (11 October 1973)
  • contracts
  • reasonable restraint of trade
  • exclusive agreement
Andar Transport Pty Ltd v Brambles Ltd 2004

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2004) 217 CLR 424
[2004] HCA 28 (15 June 2004)
  • contracts
  • employment law
  • negligence
  • duty of care
  • duty to employees
  • indemnity clauses
  • contribution of joint tortfeasors
Associated Newspapers v Bancks 1951

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1951) 83 CLR 322
[1951] HCA 24 (11 May 1951)
  • contracts
  • breach of condition fundamental to agreement
  • rescission
Attorney-General (NSW) ex rel Tooth & Co Ltd v Brewery Employees’ Union of NSW 1908

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1908) 6 CLR 469
[1908] HCA 94 (8 August 1908)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • validity of Commonwealth legislation
  • interference with internal trade
  • interpretation of the Constitution
  • power to make laws
Attorney-General v Sillem 1864

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
(1864) 10 HLC 704; 11 ER 1200
English Reports (via CommonLII)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • jurisdiction of courts
  • meaning of 'appeal'
Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Minister for Transport and Communications 1989

Federal Court of Australia

Superior federal court of first instance in Australia.

FCA
(1989) 86 ALR 119
[1989] FCA 30 (27 February 1989)
  • administrative law
  • company law
  • statutory interpretation
  • purpose and objects of legislation
  • decision-maker must have regard to purpose
  • unreasonable decisions
  • discretionary and mandatory requirements
  • use of company seal
  • ordinary principles of law
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v CG Berbatis Holdings Pty Ltd 2003

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2003) CLR 51
[2003] HCA 18 (9 April 2003)
  • consumer law
  • contracts
  • equity
  • unconscionable conduct
  • commercial contexts
  • condition for renewal of lease
  • unequal bargaining power
Australian Prudential Regulation Authority v Holloway 2000

Federal Court of Australia

Superior federal court of first instance in Australia.

FCA
(2000) FCR 521
[2000] FCA 579 (12 May 2000)
  • statutory interpretation
  • superannuation
  • in-house assets
  • headings in statutes
  • commencement of amendments
Australian Safeway Stores Pty Ltd v Zaluzna 1987

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1987) CLR 479
[1987] HCA 7 (10 March 1987)
  • negligence
  • dangerous premises
  • duty of care
  • liability of occupier
  • special duties
Australian Woollen Mills Pty Ltd v Commonwealth 1954

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1954) 92 CLR 424
[1954] HCA 20 (4 May 1954)
  • contracts
  • purchase for manufacture
  • subsidies
  • promise
  • intention
Avilion Group Pty Ltd v Commissioner of Police 2010

New South Wales Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWCA
[2010] NSWCA 275 (22 October 2010)
  • administrative law
  • statutory interpretation
  • administrative tribunals
  • transcript of evidence from hearing before improperly-constituted tribunal
  • appeal on question of law
  • validity of by-laws and regulations
  • inconsistency of delegated legislation with statute
Awada v Linknarf Ltd (in liq) 2002

Supreme Court of New South Wales

Superior Court of first instance in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWSC
(2002) 55 NSWLR 745
[2002] NSWSC 873 (26 September 2002)
  • company law
  • statutory interpretation
  • members' voluntary winding-up
  • application of Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) pt 5.5 div 3
  • whether leave is required for proceedings
  • headings in statutes
Baker v Willoughby 1969

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
[1970] AC 467
[1969] UKHL 8 (26 November 1969)
  • negligence
  • damages
  • subsequent injury before trial
Balmain New Ferry Co Ltd v Robertson 1906

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1906) 4 CLR 379
[1906] HCA 83 (18 December 1906)
  • false imprisonment
  • contractual limitation of liberty
Baltic Shipping Co v Dillon 1993

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1993) 176 CLR 344
[1993] HCA 4 (10 February 1993)
  • contracts
  • breach of contract
  • damages
  • total failure of consideration
  • disappointment and distress
  • right to recover
Bank Line Ltd v Arthur Capel & Co 1918

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
[1919] AC 435
[1918] UKHL 1 (12 December 1918)
  • contracts
  • frustration
  • fault of party seeking frustration
Barker v The Queen 1983

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1983) 153 CLR 338
[1983] HCA 18 (7 June 1983)
  • criminal law
  • statutory interpretation
  • burglary
  • trespass with intent to steal
  • limited licence granted by owner
  • extrinsic materials
  • law reform reports
Bass v Permanent Trustee Co Ltd 1999

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1999) 198 CLR 334
[1999] HCA 9 (24 March 1999)
  • statutory interpretation
  • construction of statute
  • expressio unius exclusio alterius
  • whether state is a legal person
Beckwith v The Queen 1976

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1976) 135 CLR 569
[1976] HCA 55 (1 November 1976)
  • criminal law
  • statutory interpretation
  • attempt to have prohibited imports in possession
  • strict construction of statutes creating offences
Bellgrove v Eldridge 1954

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1954) 90 CLR 613
[1954] HCA 36 (20 August 1954)
  • building and construction law
  • contracts
  • contracts for construction
  • breach of contract
  • fault in structure
  • measure of damages
  • demolition and reconstruction
Beswick v Beswick 1967

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
[1968] AC 58
[1967] UKHL 2 (29 June 1967)
  • contracts
  • privity of contract
  • benefit conferred on third parties
Birch v Allen 1942

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1942) 65 CLR 621
[1942] HCA 17 (25 August 1942)
  • statutory interpretation
  • long titles
Bolton v Mahadeva 1972

Her Majesty's Court of Appeal in England (Civil Division)

Civil division of the intermediate appeal court in England & Wales.

EWCA Civ
[1972] 1 WLR 1009
[1972] EWCA Civ 5 (13 April 1972)
  • contracts
  • damages
  • lack of substantial performance
  • general ineffectiveness of work performed under contract
Bowes v Chaleyer 1923

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1923) 32 CLR 159
[1923] HCA 15 (11 May 1923)
  • contracts
  • repudiation
  • election
  • consequences of affirmation
  • breach of condition of contract
Bowtell v Goldsbrough, Mort & Co Ltd 1905

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1905) 3 CLR 444
[1905] HCA 60 (22 December 1905)
  • property law
  • statutory interpretation
  • mesne profits
  • preambles to statutes
  • construction of statute
Bradley v Commonwealth 1973

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1973) 128 CLR 557
[1973] HCA 34 (10 September 1973)
  • international law
  • statutory interpretation
  • relationship of international law to domestic law
  • margin notes
Brandy v Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission 1995

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1995) 183 CLR 245
[1995] HCA 10 (23 February 1995)
  • constitutional law
  • judicial power of the Commonwealth
  • HREOC not constituted as federal court
  • powers of HREOC
  • determinations of HREOC
  • review of HREOC decisions by court
Brennan v Comcare 1994

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia

Intermediate federal court of appeal in Australia.

FCAFC
(1994) 50 FCR 555
[1994] FCA 1147 (8 June 1994)
  • statutory interpretation
  • applicable version of statute
  • transitional provisions
  • preference for compensation
  • purposive interpretation
  • exposition of common law compared to statutory construction
Brooks v Burns Philp Trustee Co Ltd 1969

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1969) 121 CLR 432
[1969] HCA 4 (5 March 1969)
  • contracts
  • equity
  • family law
  • maintenance
  • deed of settlement
  • covenant to make payments unenforceable
  • contract ousting jurisdiction of court
  • estoppel by conduct
Brooks v Federal Commissioner of Taxation 2000

Federal Court of Australia

Superior federal court of first instance in Australia.

FCA
(2000) 100 FCR 117
[2000] FCA 721 (9 June 2000)
  • revenue law
  • statutory interpretation
  • whether forfeited deposit is net capital gain
  • question of law referred by tribunal
  • context of words and phrases
  • reference to existing case law
Bropho v Western Australia 1990

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1990) 171 CLR 1
[1990] HCA 24 (20 June 1990)
  • statutory interpretation
  • whether statutes bind the Crown
  • Crown immunity
Bunge Corp New York v Tradax Export SA Panama 1981

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
[1981] 1 WLR 711
[1981] UKHL 11 (25 February 1981)
  • contracts
  • termination
  • breach of condition or term
  • maritime contracts
Burch v South Australia 1998

SASCFC
(1998) 71 SASR 12
[1998] SASC 6517 (25 February 1998)
  • statutory interpretation
  • purpose and objections of legislation
  • mischief rule
  • extrinsic evidence
  • second reading speeches
Burnie Port Authority v General Jones Pty Ltd 1994

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1994) 179 CLR 520
[1994] HCA 13 (24 March 1994)
  • negligence
  • escape from premises
  • ignis suus rule
  • duty of occupier to neighbours
  • liability for contractor's negligence
Byrne v Australian Airlines Ltd 1995

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1995) 185 CLR 410
[1995] HCA 24 (11 October 1995)
  • contracts
  • breach of implied term
  • implied term not obvious or necessary
  • term implied in fact or in law
Byrne v Marles 2008

Victorian Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Victoria.

VCA
(2008) 19 VR 612
[2008] VSCA 78 (16 May 2008)
  • statutory interpretation
  • purposive approach
  • drafting errors
Byrne v Transport Accident Commission 2008

Supreme Court of Victoria

Superior court of first instance in the Australian state of Victoria.

VSC
[2008] VSC 92 (31 March 2008)
  • statutory interpretation
  • torts
  • purposive approach
  • drafting errors
  • effect of statutory limitation period on common law action
CIC Insurance Ltd v Bankstown Football Club Ltd 1997

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1997) 187 CLR 384
[1997] HCA 2 (4 February 1997)
  • statutory interpretation
  • construction and interpretation
Cairns Shelfco No 16 Pty Ltd v Queensland 1996

Queensland Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Queensland

QCA
[1998] 1 Qd R 228
[1996] QCA 517 (5 March 1996)
  • statutory interpretation
  • extrinsic materials
  • ministerial speech
Canning v Temby 1905

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1905) 3 CLR 419
[1905] HCA 45 (26 October 1905)
  • contracts
  • sale of land
  • performance
  • reasonable time
  • concurrent conditions
  • payment on delivery
Carey v Lake Macquarie City Council 2007

New South Wales Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWCA
[2007] NSWCA 4 (8 February 2007)
  • negligence
  • duty of care of local council
  • obviousness of risk
  • contributory negligence
Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co 1892

Her Majesty's Court of Appeal in England (Civil Division)

Civil division of the intermediate appeal court in England & Wales.

EWCA Civ
[1893] 1 QB 256
[1892] EWCA Civ 1 (7 December 1892)
  • contracts
  • offer and acceptance
  • unilateral offer
  • consideration
  • puffery
  • communication and form of acceptance
Carr v Western Australia 2007

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2007) 232 CLR 138
[2007] HCA 47 (23 October 2007)
  • evidence
  • statutory interpretation
  • evidence of admissions recorded without consent
  • definition of police interview
  • purposive interpretation
  • competing interests
  • purpose or object of statute
Carrier v Bonham 2001

Queensland Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Queensland

QCA
[2002] 1 Qd R 474
[2001] QCA 234 (22 June 2001)
  • negligence
  • duty of care of persons of unsound mind
Casey v Alcock 2009

Australian Capital Territory Court of Appeal

Intermediate court of appeal in the Australian Capital Territory.

ACTCA
(2009) 165 ACTR 1
[2009] ACTCA 1 (23 January 2009)
  • statutory interpretation
  • presumption of access to courts
  • extrinsic materials
  • law reform reports
  • ministerial speeches
Cattanach v Melchior 2003

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2003) 215 CLR 1
[2003] HCA 38 (16 July 2003)
  • negligence
  • medical negligence
  • negligent advice
  • birth of child as legal harm
  • birth of child as reduction of damages
Chahwan v Euphoric Pty Ltd 2008

New South Wales Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWCA
(2008) 245 ALR 780
[2008] NSWCA 52 (8 April 2008)
  • statutory interpretation
  • reading down defined terms in relation to particular parts of legislation
Chairman, National Crime Authority v Flack 1998

Federal Court of Australia

Superior federal court of first instance in Australia.

FCA
(1998) 86 FCR 16
[1998] FCA 932 (7 August 1998)
  • evidence
  • torts
  • conversion
  • right of occupant to goods they do not own
  • adverse inference when respondent does not give evidence
Chapman v Hearse 1961

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1961) 106 CLR 112
[1961] HCA 46 (8 August 1961)
  • negligence
  • duty of care
  • extent of reasonable foreseeability
  • successive negligent acts by different persons
  • apportionment of liability
Chappel & Co Ltd v Nestle Co Ltd 1959

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
[1960] AC 87
[1959] UKHL 1 (18 June 1959)
  • contracts
  • adequacy of consideration
  • sufficiency of consideration
Chappel v Hart 1998

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1998) 195 CLR 232
[1998] HCA 55 (2 September 1998)
  • negligence
  • medical negligence
  • failure to warn of specific risk
  • treatment inevitably required
  • physical injury or loss of chance
Chew v The Queen 1992

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1992) 173 CLR 626
[1992] HCA 18 (3 June 1992)
  • statutory interpretation
  • purposive approach
  • penal nature of provision
Chu Kheng Lim v Minister for Immigration, Local Government and Ethnic Affairs 1992

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1992) 176 CLR 1
[1992] HCA 64 (8 December 1992)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • judicial power of the Commonwealth
  • legislation limiting power of courts
  • saving of common law rights
Chugg v Pacific Dunlop Ltd 1990

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1990) 170 CLR 249
[1990] HCA 41 (3 October 1990)
  • statutory interpretation
  • preference for interpretation that promotes the purpose or object of statute
Clayton v Heffron 1960

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1960) 105 CLR 214
[1960] HCA 92 (15 December 1960)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • power of legislature to limit or deprive itself of power
Coco v The Queen 1994

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1994) 179 CLR 427
[1994] HCA 15 (13 April 1994)
  • evidence
  • statutory interpretation
  • authority to use listening devices
  • saving of common law rights
  • construction and interpretation
  • operation of general words
Fagan v New South Wales 2004

New South Wales Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWCA
[2004] NSWCA 182 (10 June 2004)
  • evidence
  • statutory interpretation
  • legal professional privilege
  • privilege not limited to judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings
  • saving of common law rights
Finance Facilities Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation 1971

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1971) 127 CLR 106
[1971] HCA 12 (12 November 1971)
  • statutory interpretation
  • contrary intention to discretionary words
Fish v Solution 6 Holdings Ltd 2006

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2006) 225 CLR 180
[2006] HCA 22 (18 May 2006)
  • statutory interpretation
  • remedial statutes
  • purposive approach
  • objects of statute
  • privative clauses
  • composite phrase incorporating technical words
  • extrinsic materials
  • legislative history
  • relevant minister's second reading speech
Flaherty v Girgis 1987

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1987) 126 CLR 574
[1987] HCA 17 (14 May 1987)
  • statutory interpretation
  • re-enactment of established words and phrases
Footscray City College v Ruzicka 2007

Victorian Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Victoria.

VCA
(2007) 126 VR 498
[2007] VSCA 136 (27 June 2007)
  • statutory interpretation
  • intention to cover the field
  • literal construction would produce absurd results
  • reading words into a provision
  • comma signify demarcation
Fordham v Brideson 1986

Full Court of the Supreme Court of Victoria

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Victoria. Succeeded by the Victorian Court of Appeal (VCA) in 1994.

VSCFC
[1986] VR 587
Victorian Reports (via AustLII)
  • statutory interpretation
  • context suggests meaning contrary to interpretation statute
Frauenfelder v Reid 1963

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1963) 109 CLR 504
[1963] HCA 3 (7 March 1963)
  • statutory interpretation
  • marginal notes
Geelong Harbour Trust Commissioners v Gibbs Bright & Co 1970

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1970) 122 CLR 504
[1970] HCA 16 (17 June 1970)
  • statutory interpretation
  • re-enactment of established words and phrases
Gifford v Strang Patrick Stevedoring Pty Ltd 2003

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(2003) 214 CLR 269
[2003] HCA 33 (18 June 2003)
  • negligence
  • duty of care to children of deceased
  • reasonable care to guard against risk of psychiatric injury
  • whether a duty at common law is negated by statute
Goodwin v Phillips 1908

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1908) 7 CLR 1
[1908] HCA 55 (3 September 1908)
  • statutory interpretation
  • construction and interpretation
  • repeal by implication
  • later statute inconsistent with earlier statute
  • exception from earlier statute
Grey v Perason 1857

Appellate Committee of the House of Lords (United Kingdom)

Former apex court in the British court hierarchy. Succeeded by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (UKSC) in 2009.

UKHL
(1857) 6 HLC 61; 10 ER 1216
English Reports (via CommonLII)
  • statutory interpretation
  • golden rule
  • words to be given grammatical and ordinary meaning unless that would produce absurd or inconsistent results
  • court may modify meaning only to extent necessary
Gumana v Northern Territory 2007

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia

Intermediate federal court of appeal in Australia.

FCAFC
(2007) 158 FCR 349
[2007] FCAFC 23 (2 March 2007)
  • statutory interpretation
  • effect of statutory intrusion on common law rules
  • saving of common law rights
H v Minister for Immigration and Citizenship 2010

Full Court of the Federal Court of Australia

Intermediate federal court of appeal in Australia.

FCAFC
(2010) 188 FCR 393
[2010] FCAFC 119 (15 September 2010)
  • statutory interpretation
  • when words should be given their ordinary meaning
  • tribunals to determine meaning of words
Ha v New South Wales 1997

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1997) 189 CLR 465
[1997] HCA 34 (5 August 1997)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • judicial power
  • prospective overruling
Hagan v Trustees of the Toowoomba Sports Ground Trust 2000

Federal Court of Australia

Superior federal court of first instance in Australia.

FCA
[2000] FCA 1615 (10 November 2000)
  • human rights
  • statutory interpretation
  • racial discrimination
  • extrinsic materials
  • explanatory memoranda
Halliday v Nevill 1984

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1984) 155 CLR 1
[1984] HCA 80 (6 December 1984)
  • criminal law
  • occupier's permission not required when pursuing offender
  • implied licences
  • questions of law contrasted with questions of fact
Harrison v Melhem 2008

New South Wales Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of New South Wales.

NSWCA
(2008) 72 NSWLR 380
[2008] NSWCA 67 (29 May 2008)
  • practice and procedure
  • statutory interpretation
  • torts
  • excessive and inadequate damages
  • margin of appreciation for quantum of damages
  • measure of damages
  • personal injuries
  • contributory negligence
  • domestic assistance
  • literal and grammatical meaning
  • meaning ambiguous or uncertain
  • presumptions as to legislative intention
  • extrinsic material
  • legislative history
Hayes v Federal Commissioner of Taxation 1956

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1956) 96 CLR 47
[1956] HCA 21 (23 May 1956)
  • statutory interpretation
  • presumption that legal meaning of term has been used
Herbert Adams Pty Ltd v Federal Commissioner of Taxation 1932

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1932) 47 CLR 222
[1932] HCA 27 (4 August 1932)
  • statutory interpretation
  • presumption that trade meaning of term is used if related to trade or commerce
  • consideration of particular industry affected
Heydon's Case 1584

Exchequer of Pleas (England & Wales)

Superior court of first instance in England & Wales. Succeeded by the High Court of Justice of England & Wales (EWHC) in 1873.

EWEP
(1584) 3 Co Rep 7a; 76 ER 637
English Reports (via CommonLII)
  • statutory interpretation
  • mischief rule
Humphries v Poljak 1992

Victorian Court of Appeal

Intermediate appeal court in the Australian state of Victoria.

VCA
(1992) 2 VR 129
Victorian Reports (via AustLII)
  • statutory interpretation
  • extrinsic materials
  • parliamentary debates
  • ministerial statements
Hunter Resources Ltd v Melville 1988

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1988) 164 CLR 234
[1988] HCA 5 (18 February 1988)
  • statutory interpretation
  • mandatory and directory provisions
  • substantial compliance
Jacobsen v Rogers 1995

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
(1995) 182 CLR 572
[1995] HCA 6 (17 February 1995)
  • constitutional law
  • statutory interpretation
  • whether state governments are bound by Commonwealth statutes
James v Keogh 2008

Supreme Court of South Australia

Superior Court of first instance in the Australian state of South Australia.

SASC
(2008) 102 SASR 51
[2008] SASC 273 (17 October 2008)
  • statutory interpretation
  • retrospective operation
  • existing or vested rights
  • appeal of decision made under previous legislation
Jemena Gas Networks (NSW) Ltd v Mine Susidence Board 2011

High Court of Australia

Apex court in the federal, state and territory court hierachies of Australia.

HCA
[2011] HCA 19 (1 June 2011)
  • statutory interpretation
  • saving of common law rights
  • acquisition of property
Re Fourth South Melbourne Building Society 1883

Supreme Court of Victoria

Superior court of first instance in the Australian state of Victoria.

VSC
(1883) 9 VLR 54
Victorian Law Reports (via AustLII)
  • statutory interpretation
  • interpretation provisions
  • displacement of defined terms by contrary interpretation